Christian philosopher Scott Rae suggests the following argument concerning abortion:
- God attributes the same characteristics to the unborn as to an adult person.
- Therefore God considers the unborn a person.
- Abortion is killing an innocent person.
- Killing innocent persons violates the fifth commandment (Exodus 20:13).
Some characteristics God attributes to the unborn:
- The unborn is referred to in similar terms as an infant or small child. (Luke 2:12, 16)
- When a person injures or kills an unborn child, the same punishments are administered as if the offense was against an adult. (Exodus 21:22-25; Leviticus 24:19-20)
- The unborn is considered sinful from the moment of conception. (Psalm 51:5; Romans 3:23)
- God has knowledge of the unborn in a personal way and uses personal pronouns to refer to him or her. (Psalm 139:15-16; Jeremiah 1:5)
- God calls the unborn to his or her vocation in the same way he calls other persons. (Isaiah 49:1; Amos 7:14-15)
- Hindson, Ed and Caner, Ergun, editors. The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics. Eugene, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers, 2008.
- Rae, Scott. Moral Choices: An Introduction to Ethics. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1995.